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How Science Works


People have always sought to understand the environment in which they lived and what they observed in the sky.  Asking and answering questions about nature is part of being human.  Science, having emerged from previous ways of thinking about and knowing nature, is a human endeavor inextricably linked to the past, yet different in crucial ways from that past.


Productive questions and methods are not as straightforward as many presume.  The kinds of questions and methods put forward are just two characteristics of science that make it a fascinating way of knowing that often departs from ordinary “common sense” ways of knowing. 


Misconceptions abound regarding what science is, how it works, and what scientists are like. Too often science comes across to students as unapproachable and devoid of human involvement. These mistaken ideas can interfere in understanding science concepts, cause students to avoid pursuing careers involving science, and result in poor social decision-making by citizens and policy makers.

Instructor Support
Story primers, guides and additional support material


About this Project
Meet the Project Team



The human eye has gazed upwards for millennia attempting to understand and explain the cosmos. Major discoveries in Astronomy have occurred in stages that have caused us to reimagine the scale of sizes and time. Read six stories that explore the important work produced in Astronomy.



The biological sciences investigate the components, processes, and interactions between all flora and fauna. These studies are both for the sake of understanding nature and to enable us to affect changes to improve our lives and the planet itself. Read six stories that explore important work produced in Biology.



Chemistry is the area of science that describes the building blocks of the natural world and how these building blocks interact at a microscopic level to affect changes at the macrolevel at which we observe. Read six stories that explore important work produced in Chemistry.



The history of Mother Earth encompasses eons of time. Read six stories that explore important work produced in Geology.



Physics provides tools of observation that work to understand the physical properties and interactions of the natural world. Read six stories that explore important work produced in Physics.

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